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What are the effects of having been subjected to workplace bullying? Do these effects differ between men and women?

Researchers studied 3,182 people in a variety of public and private organizations. They analyzed participants’ absentee history and mental health. A report on their study was published in the journal Labour Economics.

It revealed that bullying may have prolonged ramifications for both men and women, although the effects differ. Researchers found that men were more likely than women to leave the labor market due to bullying. Bullying also negatively affected male victims’ salary, suggesting workplace bullying may cause them to be overlooked for promotions and other opportunities to make more money.

Researchers found that men were more likely than women to leave the labor market due to bullying. … Women were more likely to use antidepressants.

Women who experienced bullying took double the sick leave of non-bullied workers and were more likely to use antidepressants.This suggests that the consequences of bullying in terms of negative health effects are long lasting. Men were more likely than women to report physical intimidation.

The results remained consistent even when researchers controlled for factors such as attachment to the labor market, personality, and previous history of sick leave.

A study conducted by the Workplace Bullying Institute (WBI) also revealed clear differences in bullying between genders. The vast majority of bullies are men (69%). Male perpetrators seem to prefer targeting women (57%) more than other men (43%). Women bullies were less “equitable” when choosing their targets for bullying. Women bullied women in 68% of cases. [In past WBI national Surveys, the woman-on-woman bullying percentages were similarly disproportionately high.]

In terms of gender and job loss, targets lose their jobs at a much higher rate than perpetrators (82% vs. 18%). When bullies are men regardless of the targets gender the loss rate is equally high. However, when bullies are women, women targets lose their jobs 89% of the time. Also, women bullies, as perpetrators, suffer the highest job loss rate (30%) of any gender pairing.

To learn more, go to http://www.workplacebullying.org/2014-gender/

Regardless of the specifics, it’s clear that workplace bullying is an all-too-common workplace problem, and much more needs to be done about it.