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Another day, another Facebook-makes-us-sadder study. This time, it’s from the University of Missouri, facebookand it comes with a key caveat: Facebook can make us sadder, the researchers find, but only if you’re using it to lurk from afar — to check on how an old acquaintance is doing, for example, without actually engaging that person with “likes” or comments.

Researchers Margaret Duffy and Edson Tandoc are quick to draw a distinction between the good kind of Facebook usage and the bad kind. They found that those who use Facebook to stay in touch with friends and family, as well as share important events from their lives, do not suffer from symptoms of depression associated with use of the social networking site.

depressionHowever, as all Facebook users are aware, this is not the only way in which the platform is used. The study found that those who engage in “surveillance usage,” comparing the lives of their friends to their own, often experience feelings of envy. In other words: Those great photos from your high school girlfriend’s recent vacation in the Caribbean? They’re probably making you envious, and that envy could be contributing to feelings of depression.

Duffy and Tandoc’s new study encourages social media literacy. As Tandoc puts it, “Users should be self-aware that positive self-presentation is an important motivation in using social media, so it is to be expected that many users would only post positive things about themselves. This self-awareness, hopefully, can lessen feelings of envy.”

So if Facebook is making you sad, you don’t need to stop using it altogether. Just be mindful of how you’re spending your time on the site.

Source: Tajha Chappellet-Lanier, the social media intern at NPR.